Four Big Pollution Diseases of Japan Current Japanese environmental policy and regulations were the consequence of a number of environmental disasters in s and s.
The Lachine Canalin Montrealis polluted Arguably the principal source of air pollutants worldwide is motor vehicle emissions, although many other sources have been found to contribute to the ever growing problem. While the EU has adopted stringent emissions controls, the U. Principal stationary pollution sources include chemical plants, coal-fired power plants, oil refineriesnuclear waste disposal activity, incinerators, large animal farms, PVC factories, metals production factories, plastics factories, and other heavy industry.
Some of the more common soil contaminants are chlorinated hydrocarbons CFHheavy metals such as chromiumcadmium --found in rechargeable batteriesand lead --found in lead paintaviation fuel and still in some countries, gasolineMTBEzincarsenic and benzene.
Ordinary municipal landfills are the source of many chemical substances entering the soil environment and often groundwateremanating from the wide variety of refuse accepted, especially substances illegally discarded there, or from pre landfills that may have been subject to little control in the U.
Pollution can also be the consequence of a natural disaster. For example hurricanes often involve water contamination from sewage, and petrochemical spills from ruptured boats or automobiles.
Larger scale and environmental damage is not uncommon when coastal oil rigs or refineries are involved. Some sources of pollution, such as nuclear power plants or oil tankerscan produce widespread and potentially hazardous releases when accidents occur. In the case of noise pollution the dominant source class is the motor vehicleproducing about ninety percent of all unwanted noise worldwide.
Higher levels of background radiation have led to an increased incidence of cancer and mortality associated with it worldwide. Some illnesses are named for the places where specific pollutants were first formally implicated.
One example is Minamata diseasewhich is caused by organic mercury compounds. Adverse air quality can kill many organisms including humans.
Ozone pollution can cause respiratory diseasecardiovascular diseasethroat inflammation, chest pain and congestion. Water pollution causes approximately 14, deaths per day, mostly due to contamination of drinking water by untreated sewage in developing countries.
Oil spills can cause skin irritations and rashes. Noise pollution induces hearing losshigh blood pressurestress and sleep disturbance. One of the ratings chemicals are given is carcinogenicity. In addition to the classification "unknown", designated levels range from non-carcinogen, to likely and known carcinogen.
But some scientists have said that the concentrations which most of these levels indicate are far too high and the exposure of people should be less. Passage of the Clean Water Act amendments of required strict permitting for any contaminant discharge to navigable waters, and also required use of best management practices for a wide range of other water discharges including thermal pollution.
Passage of the Noise Control Act established mechanisms of setting emission standards for virtually every source of noise including motor vehicles, aircraft, certain types of HVAC equipment and major appliances. It also put local government on notice as to their responsibilities in land use planning to address noise mitigation.
This noise regulation framework comprised a broad data base detailing the extent of noise health effects. However, many large manufacturers decline to dispute violations, as they can easily afford this small fine.
There has also been British harmonization with EU regulations. The EU is presently entertaining use of the carcinogen MTBE as a widespread gasoline additive, a chemical which has been in the process of phaseout in the U. It was extended to all rivers and coastal water by The Act came into force in England in April The statutory guidance provides that the likelihood of the entry of the contaminant is to be assessed on the balance of probabilities.
The definition of contaminated land within Part IIA in relation to pollution of controlled watersin that the contamination will need to be deemed to be significant. There is currently no guidance available on what may, or may not, be significant pollution of controlled waters except that one that is based upon risk is considered to be appropriate.
This approach has already been taking place throughout the industry and widely accepted by the regulators as a means of assessing the significance of groundwater contamination. Two sources of published generic guidance are currently commonly used in the UK: Therefore, no further reference is made to these former guideline values.
These values should not be considered as remedial targets but values above which further detailed assessment should be considered. It should be noted that the CLEA SGVs relate to assessing chronic long term risks to human health and do not apply to the protection of ground workers during construction, or other potential receptors such as groundwater, buildings, plants or other ecosystems.
The CLEA SGVs are not directly applicable to a site completely covered in hardstanding, as there is no direct exposure route to contaminated soils.Industrialization Essay. Industrialization in India. industrialization leads to environmental degradation.
The concern with Industrialization is that it is not a long term solution to human sustainability, since it operates under the premise. Continue Reading. evolution of industrialization in Europe, so came to be new inventions, a. Japanese Environmental Pollution Experience The history of pollution in Japan Around the 20th year of the Meiji Period, the mineral pollution case of the Ashio Copper Mine came to be known as the first pollution case that occurred in Japan.
Japan's Basic Law for Environmental Pollution Control was enacted in and the Environment Agency was established four years later. Air pollution is a serious environmental problem in Japan, particularly in urban centers.
The OECD's first Environmental Performance Review of Japan was published in , which applauded the nation for decoupling its economic development from air pollution, as the nation's air quality improved while the economy thrived.
Module 5: Environmental movements and the impact of Fukushima on attitudes towards nuclear energy in Japan, creative activism including arts projects and documentaries to protest against pollution and landscape degradation and raise environmental awareness in the Sinosphere, and emergent concepts for sustainable community life on the planet.
Any form of pollution that can trace its immediate source to industrial practices is known as industrial pollution. Most of the pollution on the planet can be traced back to industries of some kind.
In fact, the issue of industrial pollution has taken on grave importance for agencies trying to fight against environmental timberdesignmag.comies .