A Cold War is a period of competition and confrontation between countries. The Soviet Union wanted to spread its system of communism around the world. We wanted to prevent We wanted to prevent communism from spreading.
Quickly the lines in the sand were drawn even deeper as the Soviets and Americans clashed ideologically and militarily on a number of fronts.
In Junethe Soviets imposed a blockade on West Berlin in an attempt to cut off supplies to the city. The United States and its allies began to supply the city with a massive airlift of unprecedented size, and the Soviets ended the blockade in May Shortly after the lifting of the Berlin Blockade, in Augustthe Soviet Union broke the American nuclear monopoly by developing its own atomic bomb.
This development forced the United States to reevaluate its defense posture and accelerated the creation of even more powerful weapons, such as the hydrogen bomb, to regain its nuclear superiority. NSC 68 outlined that the United States needed to be prepared globally for Soviet or communist expansionism and that containment should become a global policy.
The directives outlined in NSC 68 were written prior to the North Korean invasion across the 38th parallel but were not adopted until Septemberafter this conflict proved to many the necessity of American military buildup.
By the early s American foreign policymakers knew that the Cold War was here to stay. Communism seemed everywhere on the move, exemplified by the crises described above and then most dramatically with the North Korean invasion of June that began the Korean War.
Communism had to be stopped, but at what cost? In the Cold War, the United States would maintain its stance that the only way to halt the expansion of communism was through development of increasingly advanced weapons systems.United States-Soviet Space Cooperation during the Cold War By Roald Sagdeev, University of Maryland, and Susan Eisenhower, The Eisenhower Institute Russian space scientist Roald Z.
Sagdeev spent a large part of his career viewing NASA from the Soviet Union’s side of the Cold War divide. The Origins of the Cold War, – Although the alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union had brought victory in World War II, wartime cooperation meant glossing over many serious differences between the two.
- The cold war was a post-World War II struggle between the United States and its allies and the group of nations led by the Soviet Union.
|Featured collections||Featured collections Cold War Origins This collection of primary source documents discusses international relations during World War II and the years shortly after. Stalin and the Cold War Leader of the Soviet Union from until his death inthis collection contain Stalin's own writings, conversations, and legacy.|
|Soviet Navy: Intelligence and Analysis During the Cold War — Central Intelligence Agency||According to Washington, it was a threatening state that needed to be confronted and contained. The East-West struggle shaped relations between states, economies, cultures and peoples from to|
|What Are the Reasons Why the Cold War Started? - Why Guides||By the end of the war, the eastern half of Germany remained in control of Stalin and the Soviets.|
Direct military conflict did not occur between the two superpowers, but intense economic and diplomatic struggles erupted. Student Activity The Berlin Airlift June 27, to May 12, Introduction.
Following World War II, a delicate balance of power had surfaced between the once united Allies: Great Britain, the United States, France, and the Soviet Union. During World War II, Roosevelt followed a policy of "the Grand Alliance" with the determination to get along with the Soviet Union.
He was determined to follow this policy after the war and believed the United Nations, one of his pet projects, would maintain the postwar peace.
Documents on the period of confrontation and building tensions between the Soviet Union and the United States from to End of the Cold War Documents on the collapse of the Soviet Union .