An overview of the economic and social foundation of european society before the first world war

Bring fact-checked results to the top of your browser search. But equally rapid change is the hallmark of many aspects of life sinceand nowhere has it been more apparent than in Europe. Photographs from preserve a period appearance ever more archaic:

An overview of the economic and social foundation of european society before the first world war

The Western Front quickly stabilized, with almost no movement of more than a few hundred yards.

World War I - Wikipedia

The greatest single expenditure on both sides was for artillery shells, the chief weapon in the war. Since the front was highly stable, both sides built elaborate railway networks that brought supplies within a mile or two of the front lines, with horse-drawn wagons used for the final deliveries.

In the ten-month battle at Verdun, the French and Germans fired some 10 million shells in all, weighing 1. Britain paid the war costs of most of its Allies until it ran out of money, then the US took over, funding those Allies and Britain as well. The War saw a decline of civilian consumption, with a major reallocation to munitions.

The annual output of artillery grew from 91 guns in to in Warplanes soared from in to inwhile the production of machine guns went from toMost of the energy supplies came from coal mines in Britain, where the issue was labour supply. Critical however was the flow of oil for ships, lorries and industrial use.

There were no oil wells in Britain so everything was imported. Intotal British consumption was million barrels, of which 85 percent was supplied by the United States, and 6 percent by Mexico. Convoys and the construction of new tankers solved the German threat, while tight government controls guaranteed that all essential needs were covered.

Archbold between May and September.

An overview of the economic and social foundation of european society before the first world war

The only solution to the crisis lay with increased oil shipment from America. The close working relationship that evolved was in marked contrast to the feud between the government and Standard Oil years earlier. In andthere was increased domestic demand for oil partly due to the cold winter that created a shortage of coal.

Inventories and imported oil from Mexico were used to close the gap. In Januarythe U. Fuel Administrator ordered industrial plants east of Mississippi to close for a week to free up oil for Europe. Inthe Royal Navy consumed 12, tons a month, but had a supply of 30, tons a month from the Anglo-Persian Oil Companyusing their oil wells in Persia.

They expanded by a third during the war, primarily to produce transports of the sort that German U-boats were busy sinking.

An overview of the economic and social foundation of european society before the first world war

But after the war, employment tumbled as the yards proved too big, too expensive, and too inefficient; in any case world demand was down. The most skilled craftsmen were especially hard hit, because there were few alternative uses for their specialized skills.

Ireland and World War I Ireland was on the verge of civil war in after Parliament voted a home rule law that was intensely opposed by the Protestants, especially those in Ulster. When the war broke out the law was suspended and Protestants gave very strong support for the war in terms of military service and industrial output.

At the outbreak of the war, most Irish people, regardless of political affiliation, supported the war in much the same way as their British counterparts, [22] and both nationalist and unionist leaders initially backed the British war effort.This course will present a comparative overview of world history from the 17th century to the present era.

You will examine the origins of major economic, political, social, cultural, and technological trends of the past years and explore the impact of these trends on world societies. The history of the 13 American colonies that would become the first 13 states of the United States dates to when Christopher Columbus discovered what he thought was a New World, but was really North America, which along with its indigenous population and culture, had been there all along.

The First World War opened the Pacific Islands to the world more than they ever had been before. The Cook Islands and Niue farewelled their men on a journey to war that was beyond comprehension. The men who returned were changed. before World War I. In the mid-twenties, a few States began to In the United States, as in most industrial countries, social insurance first began with workers’ compensation. A Federal law 2 • • HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENTORICAL DEVELOPMENT. Compare and contrast United States foreign policy after the First World War and after the Second World War. Consider the periods and How did the African American Civil Rights movement of the s and s address the failures of the Reconstruction?

Russian Civil War and foundation of the who claimed that "there is no doubt that the course and character of the feared 'European War' will become the first world cause some bewilderment to many who have grown up with the appellation of the Great War firmly applied to the –18 First World War.

But to anyone living before. Compare and contrast United States foreign policy after the First World War and after the Second World War. Consider the periods and How did the African American Civil Rights movement of the s and s address the failures of the Reconstruction?

Compare the impact of World War I and World War II on the United States Introduction: The First World War was battled from: to and the Second World War was battled from: to They were the biggest military clashes in the history. The society of the United States is based on Western culture, and has been developing since long before the United States became a country with its own unique social and cultural characteristics such as dialect, music, arts, social habits, cuisine, folklore, etc.

History of Europe - The Middle Ages | timberdesignmag.com