Alix Cohen and Robert Stern eds. Thinking about the Emotions: A Philosophical History Published: January 14, Alix Cohen and Robert Stern eds.
I did a report a long time ago which may help. What follows is a bit of it as it concerns the two philosophers in question: Physical solitude was admirable, but Nietzsche had in mind a different kind of solitude, a more extreme kind. Life became affirmed at the expense of self.
Life affirmation brought with it an unavoidable upsurge of nihilism, and this nihilism replaced the self.
This was not the same thing as purging oneself in a protest against life. That was the way of decadence and Nietzsche would have nothing to do with that kind of self-sacrifice. In life-affirmation only awareness remained, and that too got affirmed.
The values of unity, purpose, reason, faith, etc.
In Nietzsche, that nothingness, along with subjectivity itself, was affirmed. The positive results of faith, authenticity, and life affirmation, respectively, are not found in Sartre. Rather, the nothingness discovered by Sartre condemned humanity to a kind of purgatory.
Here the self is cut off from everything except from its own nothingness.
Both Sartre and Descartes were convinced that the ego was the absolute truth of awakened consciousness. For Descartes, doubt and simple, clear ideas became the all-important means by which to discover truth while for Sartre that doubt turned into a subjective nothingness attached to ego.
While Sartre was no less committed to the self-awareness of the ego than Descartes, he shifted the foundations of that awareness away from doubt ultimately God for Descartes to nihility. Where as for Kierkegaard and Heidegger, nothingness became a vehicle for a kind of liberation, for Sartre, it shut the ego up within itself, it condemned the ego to a cave-like existence.
The path toward deeper subjectivity could take Sartre no further. Human freedom, for Sartre, was necessary to account for the movement from nothingness to actual situatedness.
How we existed had to be chosen, chosen from a multitude of possibilities. It's been a long time. I know this does not specifically speak to what you need to know, but I hope it helps.Hobbes was also an atheist who wanted the churches subordinate to the state.
Rene Descartes ( – ) – Descartes is probably the most famous exponent of the dualist view— human nature is composed of a material body and an immaterial mind/soul. Hobbes, Descartes, and Ideas: A Secret Debate GAl u c I n A M o r I * a key theme in the classical debate between Hobbes and Descartes, in the Third objections and replies to the Meditations, is that of the status of ideas.1 As has been observed, this question is at the center of at least six of the fifteen objec- hobbes, descartes, and.
Hobbes’ own system of morals corresponds better to Descartes’ deepest intention than does the morality of Les passions de l’âme.” 3 In the same spirit, Richard Kennington claims that Descartes shared with Hobbes the modern conviction that reason serves the passions, and that what distinguishes humans from animals is the more malleable.
Nietzsche's being that life should be affirmed and Camus being that life should be lived Contrast Meaning- With Nietzsche there is a guarantee that life has meaning it's just that it devalues itself, but Camus is saying that there is no purpose in life at all.
Hobbes was also an atheist who wanted the churches subordinate to the state. Rene Descartes ( – ) – Descartes is probably the most famous exponent of the dualist view— human nature is composed of a material body and an immaterial mind/soul.
(A) Comparing and contrasting the political philosophies of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are comparable in their basic political ideologies about man and their rights in the state of nature before they enter a civil society.